Can I use the ESOP to refinance existing corporate debt?

Refinancing existing corporate debt through an ESOP should improve after-tax cash flow.

Yes. Refinancing existing corporate debt through an ESOP should improve after-tax cash flow. The refinance is accomplished through a loan to the ESOP which uses the borrowed money to purchase newly issued stock from the company. The company uses the cash to pay off the existing debt, which is thus replaced with ESOP debt. After the refinancing, the company’s contributions used to pay the principal portion of the ESOP debt will be tax deductible, whereas principal payments on the prior corporate debt were not.